robust 43-GHz VCO in CMOS for OC-768 SONET applications

FREE-DOWNLOAD AP van der Wel, SLJ Gierkink, RC Frye… – Solid-State Circuits,
Abstract—In this paper, we present a 43-GHz LC-VCO in 0.13- m CMOS for use in SONET
OC-768 optical networks. A tuned output buffer is used to provide 1.3 Vp p (single-ended) into
a 90-fF capacitive load as is required when the VCO is used in typical clock and data