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Free Trade Agreements


the most important recent development in the Asia-Pacifics international political economy, namely the rapid proliferation of bilateral free trade agreement (FTA) projects within the region. I have tried to

On the endogeneity of international trade flows and free trade agreements
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For 40 years, the gravity equation has been a workhorse for cross-country empirical analyses of international trade flows and in particular the effects of free trade agreements (FTAs) on trade flows. However, the gravity equation is subject to the same econometric

TRIPS-plus free trade agreements and access to medicines
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The battle over access to essential medicines revolves around the rights to issue compulsory licenses and to manufacture and export generic versions of brand name drugs to expand access. Global brand name pharmaceutical firms have sought to ration access to

Are free trade agreements contagious
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This paper presents a new model of the domino effect which is used to generate an empirical index of how contagious FTAs are with respect to third nations. We test our contagion hypothesis together with alternative specifications of interdependence and other

Hub-and-Spoke or else Free trade agreements in the enlarged European Union
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The object of this paper is to estimate the effect of European Union eastwards enlargement process on trade patterns in the Union. In particular, we intend to investigate whether and how the EU Free trade agreements with CEECs have exerted a different impact on centre

On the bilateral trade effects of free trade agreements between the EU-15 and the CEEC-4 countries
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The expansion of regionalism has spawned an extensive theoretical literature analysing the effects of free trade agreements (FTAs) on trade flows. In this paper we focus on FTAs (also called European agreements ) between the European Union (EU-15) and the Central and

Japans Keidanren and free trade agreements : Societal interests and trade policy
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This article examines how societal actors preferences and activities impinge on the evolution of a states regional economic agreements in light of Keidanrens involvement in Japans free trade agreements with Singapore, Mexico, and South Korea. The business

A comparative analysis of selected provisions in free trade agreements
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This report contains a comparative legal analysis of the contents of 27 free trade agreements (FTAs) selected by the European Commission (EC) along with a summary of the available empirical evidence on the effects of the FTA provisions relating to: social and labour

Who uses free trade agreements
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It is noted that utilization of ASEAN Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) is low by international standards. In order to clarify the reasons for such low utilization, this paper investigates what kinds of Japanese affiliates in ASEAN are more likely to use FTAs in their exporting, by

Free trade agreements and the credibility of trade reforms
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The economic success of outward-oriented, pro- trade countries such as South Korea and Taiwan has led other developing countries to attempt trade Iilx: ralization More countries arc trying to become integrated into world markets and are dropping old notions that economic

The recent free trade agreements of the United States as illustration of their new strategy regarding the audiovisual sector
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The free trade agreements concluded by the United States with Chile 1 in December 200 with Singapore 2 in February 200 with the Central American States in December 200 with Australia in February 2004 and with Morocco in March 200 mark a new development

TRIPS flexibilities and access to medicines in developing countries: the problem with technical assistance and free trade agreements
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The WTO Agreement on TradeRelated Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights ( TRIPs) contains in-built flexibilities that carı be used to ensure access to medicines in developing countries. These include: compulsory licensing; exceptions to the exclusive right conferred

Embracing free trade agreements Korean style: From developmental mercantilism to developmental liberalism
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This study analyzes how and to what extent South Korea has embedded developmental liberalism into its free trade agreement (FTA) initiative, departing from its traditional focus on developmental mercantilism. In the wake of the global economic crisis of 2008-09 and the Free trade generates macroeconomic gains but also creates winners and losers. Historically, to reconcile this tension, governments compensated globalization losers with social spending in exchange for support for free trade known as the embedded liberalism

Impact of free trade agreements on trade in East Asia
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The number of bilateral and plurilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) in East Asia has increased rapidly after the 2000s behind the world trend of RTAs. Many studies tackled the challenge of figuring out the impact of FTAs in this region by applying various

Hub-and-spokes free trade agreements in the presence of technology spillovers: An application to the western hemisphere
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Using a comparative-static general equilibrium model in the context of the Western Hemisphere, this paper compares the economic effects of a hub-and-spokes type of bilateral trade configuration (with Chile being the hub) with those of a more comprehensive

Labour provisions in free trade agreements : Fostering their consistency with the ILO standards system
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In the past two decades, bilateral and regional trade agreements with labour provisions have proliferated rapidly. Consequently, labour standards have become more decentralized across the globe as various States use them in varying forms, and with various effects, within

The impact of EU free trade agreements on economic development and regional integration in Southern Africa: the example of EU-SACU trade relations
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Monitoring Regional Integration in Southern Africa Konrad. The Impact of EU Free Trade Agreements on Economic Development and Regional Integration in Southern Africa. The Example of EU-SACU Trade Relations, The Impact of EU Free Trade Agreements on Economic. The Political

Time dependent efficiency of free trade agreements : The case of Slovenia and the CEFTA Agreement
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In international trade literature there is a common feature that the abolishment of barriers to trade leads to direct expansion of trade flows. Many empirical studies that simulate welfare effects of trade liberalisation explicitly make use of this direct tariff reduction trade

Egypt-US and Morocco-US free trade agreements
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This paper was originally prepared for the conference on Free Trade Agreements and the US Policy, which was held at the Institute for International Economics, Washington DC, on 7 and 2003. The authors would like to thank Luther Carter and Amal Refaat for research