Using the Domain Name System for System Break-ins.
The DARPA Internet uses the Domain Name System (DNS), a distributed database, to map host names to network addresses, and vice-versa. Using a vulnerability first noticed by PV Mockapetris, we demonstrate how the DNS can be abused to subvert system security. We
Perils of transitive trust in the domain name system
Abstract The Domain Name System, DNS, is based on nameserver delegations, which introduce complex and subtle dependencies between names and nameservers. In this paper, we present results from a large scale survey of DNS, and show that these
Addressing weaknesses in the domain name system protocol
The Internet is a widespread conglomeration of hundreds of thousands of interconnected heterogeneous networks and hosts. The design of the Internet is based on a protocol hierarchy. There exist multiple implementations of these protocols. Computers communicate
The domain name service as an IDS
SURFnet is looking for technologies to expand the ways they can detect network traffic anomalies like botnets. Since bots started using domain names for connection with their controller, tracking and removing them has become a hard task. This research is a first
Domain name law and practice: an international handbook
Le très imposant ouvrage sur le «droit des noms de domaine»( domain name law) qua dit TORSTEN BETTINGER et dont il est lauteur principal d montre, si besoin est, lincroyable d veloppement qua connu ce volet du droit de lInternet en lespace de quelques ann es
Secure domain name system (DNS) deployment guide
Abstract The Domain Name System (DNS) is a distributed computing system that enables access to Internet resources by user-friendly domain names rather than IP addresses, by translating domain names to IP addresses and back. The DNS infrastructure is made up of
Automatic extraction of domain name generation algorithms from current malware
Botnets are a major threat to security on the Internet. Besides espionage and spamming, they are even used for attacking whole countries with DDoS attacks. In the ongoing arms race between law enforcement agencies and bot herders, the bot herders try to armour their
Open- domain name error detection using a multi-task rnn
Out-of-vocabulary name errors in speech recognition create significant problems for downstream language processing, but the fact that they are rare poses challenges for automatic detection, particularly in an open- domain scenario. To address this problem, a
Locating copies of objects using the domain name system
In order to reduce average delay and bandwidth usage in the Web, geographically dispersed servers often store copies of popular objects. For example, with network caching, the origin server stores a master copy of the object and geographically dispersed cache
AuthLedger: A Novel Blockchain-based Domain Name Authentication Scheme.
Nowadays public key infrastructure authentication mainly rely on certificate authorities and have to be trusted by both domain operators and domain owners. Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) using DNS-based Authentication Name Entities (DANE)
Internet Governance and the Domain Name System: Issues for Congress
The Internet is often described as a network of networks because it is not a single physical entity, but hundreds of thousands of interconnected networks linking hundreds of millions of computers around the world. As such, the Internet is international, decentralized, and This study applies diffusion of innovations to investigate if domain name registrations by different accommodation enterprises in Switzerland follow the typical diffusion pattern of other technologies. The study analysed the time series of more than 2100 names registered
Domain Name Disputes and Their Resolution under UDRP Route: A Review
Domain names have a dual role in todays internet driven market place to map IP addresses and to act as identifier of trademark of a company. Unlike trademarks, domain names are not sufficiently protected by the laws of a country. There is no uniformity to protect domain
A general domain name appraisal model
Abstract Domain names are labels for the Internet presence of organization. Despite the importance of domain names in contemporary economics, academia rarely discusses how to evaluate a domain name . Analyzing relevant literature and several related practices, we
Semi-private international rulemaking. Lessons learned from the WIPO domain name process
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) domain name process was an ambitious and at least partly successful attempt to make rules about a public issue the relationship between Internet domain names and intellectual property law via a semi
Leopard: Understanding the Threat of Blockchain Domain Name Based Malware.
Blockchain domain based name malware (BDNbased malware) is a new type of malware which leverages Blockchain DNS (BDNS). Some authors of malware offered an updated variant of malware that included blockchain domains support. It seems that
Domain Name System (DNS) Security: Attacks Identification and Protection Methods
DNS plays a critical role in the overall Internet infrastructure. A DNS failure will make a system inaccessible for most users of the Internet. Over the years, a number of attacks have been carried out on the DNS and also the DNS infrastructure has been exploited to carry out
Detecting Malicious DNS over HTTPS Traffic in Domain Name System using Machine Learning Classifiers
This paper presents a systematic two-layer approach for detecting DNS over HTTPS (DoH) traffic and distinguishing Benign-DoH traffic from Malicious-DoH traffic using six machine learning algorithms. The capability of machine learning classifiers is evaluated considering
Domain Name Generation Algorithms
Botnets pose a major threat to the information security of Organizations and individuals. The communication between bots (infected hosts) and Command and Control (C2) server is essential to update malware binaries in bots and receive commands. The domain names for
A decentralized domain name system User-controlled infrastructure as alternative internet governance
Late 2010: the organization WikiLeaks makes thousands of secret US diplomatic cables public, losing a few days later its web hosting company and the wikileaks. org domain . Discussions about a new competing root-server able to rival the one administered by the
Practical Implementation of a Secure Email System Using Certificateless Cryptography and Domain Name System.
Email is currently the most widely used communication system in daily life. To improve security and efficiency, most email systems adopt Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) as the mechanism to implement security, but PKI based systems suffer from expensive certificate
High performance hypergraph analytics of domain name system relationships
All observations about DNS records and IP or domain registration were found using publically available services like WHOIS and BGP routing. All observations about DNS records and IP or domain registration were found using publically available services like WHOIS Abstract The Domain Name System (DNS) is a distributed database thats typically used to resolve hostnames into IP addresses. DNS and related systems exist for two main reasons: They make it easier for humans to remember names such as www. apress. com than IP
Success by Default: A New Profile of Domain Name Trademark Disputes under ICANNs UDRP
1. Require Complainants to post a $ 000 bond in addition to the costs of filing a complaint. The refundable bond would discourage merit-less claims and help legitimate Respondents to participate in the proceeding rather than defaulting. If the Complainant wins the case the
A study of caching in the Internet Domain name system
Abstract The Internet Domain Name System (DNS) is a distributed, hierarchical and flexible system for the mapping of names to matching resource records. Caching was designed into the DNS to improve response time and reduce wide-area network traffic. This thesis
Detection of denial of service attacks against domain name system using machine learning classifiers
Domain Name System (DNS) provides name to address mapping services for the entire chain of Internet connectivity. Hackers exploit this fact to damage different parts of the Internet. In this paper we clarify possible Denial of Service (DoS) threats against DNS. An
A new look at the old domain name system
Abstract The Domain Name System (DNS) is undergoing fundamental changes in both design and operations, but these changes are mostly taking place in piecemeal extensions. In this paper we consider how to maintain a simple and robust DNS in the face of these
Cybersquatting: Threat to Domain Name
The present article deals with conflicts arising out of registration of domain names of existing trade names with the intention to resell it and/or encash the goodwill. Such practice is known as Cybersquatting. Registration of Domain names and acquiring a domain name of choice
ICANN and the domain name system after the Affirmation of Commitments
On September 200 the United States Department of Commerce (DOC) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) signed an Affirmation of Commitments (US Department of Commerce and ICANN 2009) that purports to recast the
OpenBSD as a domain name server
So our network is growing rapidly, with our fresh new redundant firewalls, mail server, proxy cache and so on. Now our mind is filled up with IP addresses and our fingers are getting tired of typing all those numbers and dots. Its definitely time to set up a domain name server
Detection of host search activity in domain name reverse resolution traffic
We statistically investigated the total PTR resource record (RR) based DNS query request packet traffic from the Internet to the top domain DNS server in a university campus network through January 1st to August 31st. The obtained results are:(1) We observed twelve
Domain name systems-based electronic mail security
Executive Summary Both public and private sector business operations are heavily reliant on electronic mail (email) exchanges but the integrity of these transactions is often at risk, including financial and other proprietary information as well as the privacy of employees and Domain name system (DNS) is a distributed database that offers mapping service from domain name into IP address. 12 DNS helps users contact web sites or resources in Internet with simple domain names, instead of long numeric IP addresses. Since operating systems
Domain Name Disputes: To Sue or Not to Sue
The past several months have brought about a sea change of available options in the ongoing battle between trademark holders and the entrepreneurial cybersquatters who threaten their ability to do business on the world wide web. Cybersquatters are those
Partitioning the Gov2 Corpus by Internet Domain Name : A Result-set Merging Experiment.
To study the MultiSearch problem and complete the Ad Hoc Task of the TREC Terabyte Track, the Gov2 collection was divided according to web domain and for each topic, the results from each domain were merged into single ranked list. The mean average
Criminal misuse of the domain name system
The review primarily focused on the risks of misuse of the DNS from an Australian perspective although, due to the global nature of the internet, all legitimate users would benefit in many ways from a more secure and trusted domain name system, both as domain
Botnets and packet flooding ddos attacks on the domain name system
The threats and consequence presented by denial of service attacks have resulted in the proliferation of research ideas, studies and commercial products intended to mitigate their negative impact through technological approaches. Packet flooding denial of service attacks
The Domain Name System (DNS)
? Authority⇒ has the name to address translation table? Responsible⇒ Either has the name to address translation table or knows the server who has? A single server can serve multiple domains, eg, purdue. edu and laf. in. us? Root server knows about servers for top
Identifying and characterizing anycast in the domain name system
Since its first appearance, IP anycast has become essential for critical network services such as the Domain Name System (DNS). Despite this, there has been little attention to independently identifying and characterizing anycast nodes. External evaluation of anycast
Denial of service against the domain name system: threats and countermeasures
Abstract The Domain Name System (DNS) is a core component of the Internet infrastructure. Many network services such as the Web and electronic mail rely on DNS. Thus it is critical to protect DNS from denial-of-service (DoS) attacks. This paper analyzes the DoS threats
ICANN policy developments on abusive domain name registrations
M Rodenbaugh The IP Litigator: Devoted to Intellectual Property Mike Rodenbaugh has been practicing trademark and e-commerce law for 15 years, representing clients in all matters relating to domain names, trademarks, copyrights, and other forms of intellectual property, and in e-commerce, IP licensing and marketing
Statistical Models for Market Approach to Domain Name Valuation
To describe various types of domain name valuation methodologies, I compare domain names with commercial and residential real estate and art. I then focus on statistical methods to identify comparables used to appraise a domain name . I also outline the intuitive
The tort of domain name passing off
A business or organization not pass off its goods or services as those of another business or organization. More specifically, any business or organization that misrepresents its goods or services to the public, such that the average person would be confused in the
Legal Mechanisms for Governing the Transition of Key Domain Name Functions to the Global Multi-stakeholder Community
This chapter examines the upcoming Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) transition, wherein the US government will relinquish its historic control over key technical functions making up the modern-day Internet. The chapters most important questions are: if the In July 200 the Kaminsky attack showed that DNS is sensitive to cache poisoning, and DNSSEC is considered the long term solution to mitigate this attack. Compared to DNS, DNSSEC resolution requires cryptographic operations such as signature checks or hashing
Multilingualism and the Domain Name System
The development of the Internet has changed how we live and how we do business. Unprecedented benefits have been derived from its growth. However, the use of English as the primary language for Internet transactions has led to a language barrier for non-English
The Internet Domain Name System Explained for Non-Experts
This is for you, who always wanted or needed to know how Internet names really work. The Internet Domain Name System (DNS) is a fascinating technology; almost all Internet applications make use of it. After reading this you will not suddenly have become a DNS
Using ssl for secure domain name system (dns) transactions
The main functionality of the Domain Name System (DNS) is to translate symbolic names into IP addresses. Since there is a growing demand for trustworthiness in the Internet many research articles consider DNS security issues. The reason is that DNS is a vital service for
Domain Name Server Comparison: BIND 8 vs. BIND 9 vs. djbdns vs.
Root (.) gTLDs arpa com edu gov int mil net org aero biz coop info museum name pro ccTLDs ac ad ae af ag ai al am an ao aq ar as at au aw az ba bb bd be bf bg bh bi bj bm bn bo br bs bt bv bw by bz ca cc cd cf cg ch ci ck cl cm cn co cr cu cv cx cy cz de dj dk dm do dz
Domain name abuse: How cheap new domain names fuel the ecrime economy
A hierarchical and distributed domain name system was critical to enable growth of the Internet (ironically, today it also threatens it) This is where we can leverage the inherent relationships that almost always exist among domain names: Given the IP of
Enforcement of Domain Name Rights Through ICANN
Mary M. Squyres nce a trademark ovvier lhas secured registration of () domain name the issue then becomes enforce-ment of its rights to that domain name . The first and foremost area of illegal activity on the Internet has been the pirating of domain names. Pirates have
Analyzing Traffic by Domain Name in the Data Plane
Associating network traffic with human-readable domain names, instead of low-level identifiers like IP addresses, is helpful for measuring traffic by domain name rate-limiting packets by domain and identifying IoT devices. However, existing monitoring techniques
Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP)
T Bettinger, A Waddell Domain Name oxford.universitypressscholarship As worldwide use of the Internet has expanded, the importance of domain name selection and use has increased exponentially for brand owners and professional domain name registrants alike. The terms cybersquattingand pay-per-click advertisinghave become
The business (in) significance of the pre-dot domain name wording
Post-modern society and the global market heavily rely on the employment of information technology. Todays successful business conduct requires an appropriate e-domiciliation within the Internet. The Internet space is spread in Top level domains (TLDs), each
Certificate transparency for domain name system security extensions
??? 1 Page 1 Certificate Transparency for Domain Name System Security Extensions draft-zhang-trans-ct-dnssec-00 Dacheng Zhang Huawei 1 IETF91 Trans WG Page 2 Background This work follows the assumption of DNSSEC and the compromise of key signing keys are out
Global Phishing Survey: Domain Name Use and Trends in 2007
In order to combat phishing effectively, it is important to understand how phishers use domain names and to what purposes. Domain name usage is an important measure of the scope of the global phishing problem, and understanding why and how phishers register
The Secure Domain Name System pattern
Abstract The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical distributed naming system for resources connected to the Internet. It associates addresses with domain names assigned to each of the participating entities. We present here the Secure DNS pattern, which includes
Analysis and implementation of WHOIS domain lookup
The Whois an easy-to-use tool for checking the availability of a domain name . If the domain name is available, you can register it through a registrar. If the domain name is already taken, you can see who has registered it.The Affirmation of Commitments requires ICANN to
Domain Name System with Security Extensions
Names are needed to abstract away details of location, authorization and human readability. In the vast world like the Internet, it becomes important to have naming systems to help the user select or extract the information he requires, in a form that is human readable. Many
Defending denial of service attacks against domain name system with machine learning techniques
Along with the explosive growth of the Internet, the demand for efficient and secure Internet Infrastructure has been increasing. For the entire chain of Internet connectivity the Domain Name System (DNS) provides name to address mapping services. Hackers exploit this fact