antenna effect in VLSI layout

Mechanism of antenna condition
Evolution of the definition of the Antenna Ratio
Design solutions to antenna violations
Antenna Rule Checks in some common
Plasma Induced Damage (PID) = Antenna Effect
Occurs during manufacturing process Antennae are floating conduction layers without shielding layer of oxide -effects poly and metal layers
The random discharge of the floating node
could permanently damage the transistor

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